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News Archives: Index

October 7, 2010: Probation Set For Industrial Action

October 5, 2010: Turning Prisoners Into Taxpayers

October 4, 2010: Murder Changes Now In Force

September 20, 2010: Probation Programmes Face Cuts

August 24, 2010: Victorian Poor Law Records Online

August 10, 2010: Justice Job Cuts

July 28, 2010: Prison Violence Growing

July 22, 2010: Police Numbers: Latest Figures

July 22, 2010: New Jurisdiction Rules

July 16, 2010: CCJS On Prison And Probation Spending Under Labour

July 15, 2010: Latest Statistics On Violent And Sexual Crime

July 15, 2010: Latest National Crime Figures

July 15, 2010: New Chief Prisons Inspector

July 14, 2010: Hard Times Ahead For Prisons: Anne Owers

July 14, 2010: Prison Does Not Work: Ken Clarke

July 13, 2010: Criminal Justice Reform: Sentencing and Rehabilitation

July 13, 2010: Criminal Justice Reform Priorities

July 12, 2010: What Price Public Protection, Asks Probation Chief Inspector

July 12, 2010: NOMS has failed, says Napo

July 10, 2010: IPCC To Investigate Death of Raoul Moat

July 9, 2010: Women In Prison: New Report

July 9, 2009: Unjust Deserts: Imprisonment for Public Protection

July 8, 2010: Police Search Powers Change

July 7, 2010: Make 'Legal High' Illegal, Says ACMD

July 2, 2010: Failing Children In Prison

July 2, 2010: Police Buried Under a Blizzard of Guidance: HMIC

July 1, 2010: Freedom To Change The Law?

June 30, 2010: A New Outlook On Penal Reform?

June 30, 2010: Revolving Door Of Offending Must Stop, Says Clarke

June 30, 2010: Ken Clarke: Speech on Criminal Justice Reform

June 29, 2010: No More Police Targets

June 26, 2010: Family Intervention Projects Questioned

June 25, 2010: Cutting Criminal Justice

June 24, 2010: Napo on Sex Offenders Report

June 23, 2010: Closing Courts: The Cuts Begin

June 23, 2010: Strategy To Tackle Gangs

June 15, 2010: Courts and Mentally Disordered Offenders

June 8, 2010: Working With Muslims in Prison

June 1, 2010: Your Chance To Nominate a QC

Stop and Search

How many times were people stopped and searched by the police in England and Wales in a typical year?

According to Home Office figures, the police recorded 1,142,763 Stops and Searches using section 1 of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act and other legislation (more commonly known as ‘Stops and Searches’) in 2008/09.

This was a 10% rise on the previous year (which had 1,036,363 ‘Stops and Searches’).

Tell me more about Stops and Searches.

Police officers have the power to stop and search individuals under a range of legislation, including section 1 of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (PACE), as well as section 60 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994, and section 44 of the Terrorism Act 2000. Section 1 (PACE) is the most commonly used of the Stop and Search powers. In 2008/09, there were just over 1.1 million section 1 Stops and Searches compared with over 100,000 section 60 Stops and Searches and just under 200,000 section 44 Stop and Searches..

How do Stops and Searches break down by race?

Of the Stop and Searches carried out, 15% were of Black people, 9% of Asian people, 3% of people of Mixed ethnicity, and 1% of people from a Chinese or Other background.

Is this a proportionally fair breakdown?

In 2008/09, there were over seven times more Stop and Searches of Black people per head of population than of White people, and over twice as many Stop and Searches per head of population of Asian people and people of Mixed ethnicity.

 Does this vary by police force or by different geographical areas?

While the Metropolitan Police Service accounts for 14% of the England and Wales population, 42% of Stop and Searches are carried out by the Metropolitan Police Service.

In the rest of England and Wales, there was large variation in the number of Stops and Searches. In some Police Force Areas, the number of Stops and Searches per 1,000 population was higher for people from a White background than those from a Black background.

Are the number of Stop and Searches going up?

The number of Stop and Searches increased across all ethnic groups in each year between 2004/05 and 2008/09. The number of White people being Stopped and Searched increased by just under 30% between 2004/05 and 2008/09, while the number of Black and Asian people being Stopped and Searched increased by over 70%.

Do Stops and Searches help to prevent crime?

That depends on your point of view. However, Home Office statistics published in June 2010 confirm that, in 2008/09, less than 10% of Stop and Searches resulted in an Arrest across England and Wales as a whole. Stops of Asian suspects were least likely to result in an Arrest (7.7%) in comparison with other ethnic groups.